Imvelo yasentabeni: izilwane nezitshalo

Imvelo yasentabeni: izilwane nezitshalo
Imvelo yasentabeni: izilwane nezitshalo
Anonim

Imvelo yezintaba ngaso sonke isikhathi yayimangaza isintu ngobuhle baso. Yizwe elimangalisayo futhi elihle ngazo zonke izindlela. Impumuzo idalwe izigidigidi zeminyaka futhi ngalesi sikhathi ithole amafomu ayinqaba futhi athakathayo. Izintaba zifihlani kuzo? Hlobo luni lwezitshalo nezilwane ezikhona? Uzothola izimpendulo zale mibuzo neminye esihlokweni.

imvelo yezintaba

Izici zemvelo yezintaba

Isimo sezulu sasezintabeni sihlukile futhi nguye othonya isimo sezulu sayo yonke iplanethi, kokubili ngezikhathi ezithile zonyaka kanye nezinsuku zonke. Emagqumeni, ukusebenzisana okukhethekile komhlaba nomoya nemifula kuqala. Amanzi, ajiyile futhi avela ezintabeni, ehla ezinkulungwaneni zemifudlana ezansi nemithambeka. Ngenxa yalokhu kunyakaza, kwakhiwa imifula emikhulu. Ezindaweni eziphakeme, umuntu angakwazi ukubona indlela amafu nenkungu azalwa ngayo. Kwesinye isikhathi lezi zigameko azikwazi ukuhlukaniswa kwezinye.

Uma uphakama, umoya uba mncane, nezinga lokushisa liyancipha. Lapho kubanda khona, kune-permafrost. Ngisho nezintaba zase-Afrika zimbozwe iqhwa nezinguzunga zeqhwa ezindaweni zazo eziphakeme. Kodwa emagqumeni umoya yiwona ohlanzekile futhi oqabulayo kunawo wonke. Ngobudeimvula, amandla omoya kanye nemisebe yelanga ukwanda. I-UV ezintabeni ingashisa ngisho namehlo akho.

Akumangalisi neze ukuhlukahluka kwezimila, ezithatha indawo yodwa njengoba ukuphakama kunyuka.

Amabhande entaba e-Altitude

Lapho ukhuphuka ezintabeni, izimo zezulu ziyashintsha: izinga lokushisa nomfutho womoya kuyehla, imisebe yelanga iyakhuphuka. Lesi simo sibizwa ngokuthi i- altitudinal zonality (noma indawo). Futhi indawo ngayinye enjalo inokwakheka kwayo okukhethekile.

izici zemvelo yezintaba

Ibhande le-desert-steppe. Le ndawo yokwakheka kwezwe itholakala ngaphansi kwezintaba. Isimo sezulu esomile sikhona lapha, ngakho-ke kungatholakala amathafa nezingwadule kuphela. Ngokuvamile abantu basebenzisa leli bhande ngezinjongo zasekhaya.

Indawo yehlathi lasentabeni. Lena indawo enesimo sezulu esiswakeme kakhulu. Imvelo elapha iyamangalisa: izintaba, amahlathi nomoya ohlanzekile kukucela ukuthi ushaye udaka.

Ibhande le-Mountain-meadow. Imele izindawo ezinamahlathi, ezishintshana nezimfunda ezingaphansi kwe-subalpine. Izihlahla ezikhanyisiwe, izihlahlana eziphansi notshani obude kukhula kule ndawo.

Ibhande le-Alpine. Lena indawo yasezinkangala, etholakala ngaphezu kwamahlathi. Lapha ungathola izihlahlana kuphela, ezithathelwa indawo yi-stone scree.

Indawo yentaba-tundra. Ibonakala ngehlobo elipholile elifushane kanye nobusika obude obunzima. Kodwa lokhu akusho ukuthi kunezimila eziyinqaba. Izinhlobo ezehlukene zezihlahlana, ubulembu nezimila kule ndawo zimila kule ndawo.

Ibhande le-Nival. Leli yiphuzu eliphakeme kakhulu, indawo enamaqhwa aphakade nezinguzunga zeqhwa. Ngaphezu kweisimo sezulu esibi kakhulu, kunezinhlobo ezithile zolwelwe, ulwelwe ngisho nezinambuzane, amagundane nezinyoni.

Igama lezintaba ezinhle nezimangalisayo emhlabeni

I-Huangshan ne-Denxia izintaba ezinemibala e-China. Zinemibala ephuzi nepinki. Ungakwazi ukubona imiphumela emihle yokukhanya.

izintaba e-Afrika

Mount Roraima eseNingizimu Melika ihlezi idonsa amehlo. Kuyathakazelisa ngoba iziteshi zemifula eminingi zimbozwe amakristalu e-quartz anemibala eyahlukene.

Grand Canyon iyinkimbinkimbi yezigodi, imihosha, imihosha, imihume nezimpophoma. Ngenxa yezendlalelo zamadwala ezinemibala eminingi, kanye nokudlala kokukhanya nethunzi, intaba ishintsha imithunzi yayo njalo.

E-Afrika, i-Dragon Mountains yizindawo ezinhle kakhulu ezinemihosha, izigodi, amawa nezimpophoma. Igama lezintaba linemvelaphi engaqondakali. Iziqongo zakhona zihlala zifihlwe yinkungu, kodwa bekukholelwa ukuthi udrako okhipha intuthu.

I-Altai izintaba i-Russia engaziqhenya ngazo. Mahle ngempela, ikakhulukazi esikhathini sasekwindla nobusika, lapho amanzi eba luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka okungenasiphelo.

I-Hanging Rock iyintaba ese-Australia eyaziwa kangcono nge-Hanging Rock. Iphakama ngamamitha ayikhulu ngaphezu kwendawo ezungezile. Lokhu kudala isithombe sokuthi intaba ilenga emoyeni.

Izingozi zemvelo

Izingozi ezikuso sonke isikhathi - lezi izici zemvelo yezintaba. Kuhle ukukhumbula lokhu uma uhlela ukunqoba iziqongo.

Amadwala avame kakhulu ezintabeni. Ngisho nokuwa kwetshe elilodwa kungabangelaiqhwa lamadwala.

igama lezintaba

Ukugeleza kodaka kuyingxube yamanzi, inhlabathi exegayo, isihlabathi, amatshe nemfucumfucu yezihlahla. Lesi simo siqala ngokuzumayo futhi sicekele phansi yonke into esendleleni yakho.

Ama-Icefalls amahle, kodwa ayingozi kancane. Amabhulokhi aqandisiwe awami futhi acishe afinyelele phansi kwezintaba.

Izinambuzane eziyingozi ezintabeni

Imvelo yezintaba ayiyingozi nje kuphela ngezimo zayo zemvelo ezesabekayo, kodwa nasezilokazaneni ezivame ukutholakala emagqumeni.

Mhlawumbe imikhaza ye-ixodid ejwayeleke kakhulu. Ziyingozi ngesifo abasithwalayo - i-encephalitis, ngenxa yalokho ungakwazi ukuhlala ukhubazekile. Amakhizane atholakala ngasezindleleni futhi asebenza kakhulu entwasahlobo nasehlobo.

I-Vespa hornet imele iminyovu enkulu kunazo zonke, usayizi wayo ofinyelela amasentimitha amahlanu. Lezi zinambuzane zihlala emigodini futhi azihlaseli ngaphandle kwesizathu. Ukulunywa kubuhlungu, kodwa kubangela usongo lokuhlaselwa ama-hornets ambalwa.

Ofezela bavame ukuhlala ogwadule, kodwa bangaphinda bakhethe izintaba e-Afrika noma e-Australia. Njengoba zibekezelela ukuguquguquka okubandayo nokushisa kahle, azitholakali kuphela ezinyaweni, kodwa naseziqongweni. Ukulunywa kwezinye izinhlobo zezilwane kwaziwa njengokunobuthi futhi kuyabulala ngisho nakubantu. Kodwa ngaphandle kwesizathu, lezi zidalwa azihlaseli. Ofezela badla izinambuzane, ezivame ukuvela eduze komlilo namatende. Emini zicasha ngaphansi kwamatshe, amagxolo eziphunzi nasezimfantwini zamadwala.

ihlathi lezintaba zemvelo

I-Colopendra iyingozi lapho kushisa kuphelaisimo sezulu, ikakhulukazi ekwindla. Ngalesi sikhathi, ukuluma kwakhe kuba nobuthi futhi kungaholela ngisho nasekufeni. I-karakurt yesifazane nayo ibeka usongo. Amaduna alezi zicabucabu azinawo nhlobo ubuthi.

Izitshalo zasentabeni

Njengoba sekushiwo, izintaba zibonakala ngezimo zezulu ezehlukene. Ngakho-ke, emagqumeni ebangeni elifushane, ungakwazi ukubona ukuhlukahluka komphakathi wezitshalo.

Imvelo yezintaba inokhahlo, kodwa yinhle ngendlela emangalisayo. Izitshalo ziphoqeleka ukuthi zivumelane nezimo zendawo: umoya oshisayo, amakhaza anonya nokukhanya okukhanyayo. Ngakho-ke, ngokuvamile ekuphakameni ungahlangana nabameleli abancane be-flora. Zinezimpande ezithuthuke kahle, ezisiza ukukhipha amanzi futhi zihlale emhlabathini. Izimila ezimise okomcamelo zisabalele, kunezimo zezimbali ezisakazeka phezulu.

Izimfunda ezinotshani be-alpine zishintsha ama-tundra, athi ukukhumbuza asenyakatho. Amahlathi angaba ama-deciduous, coniferous futhi axutshwe. Lapha, izihlahla nezihlahlana zikhula ngendlela yama-dwarfs. Ngokuvamile ungabona larch, ngesihlahla sonwele saseYurophu emi, zikaphayini kanye fir. Futhi amagquma aphakeme kuphela angenazo uhlaza, kodwa ambozwe izinguzunga zeqhwa nezinguzunga zeqhwa.

izitshalo zokwelapha ezintabeni

Healing mountain herbs

Izitshalo zokwelapha ezintabeni zidume kakhulu ngezinto ezinikeza ukuphila. Abantu ngaso sonke isikhathi baye bakhuphukela phezulu ukuze balungiselele amakhambi awusizo esikhathini esizayo. Zonke izinhlobo zalezi zinhlobo azikwazi ukufakwa ohlwini, kodwa kunezitshalo zokwelapha ezimbalwa ezidume kakhulu:

  • hawthorn;
  • Siberian barberry;
  • i-bergany-leaf;
  • valerian officinalis;
  • spring gentian;
  • Inyoni ye-Highlander;
  • impande yegolide;
  • St. John's wort;
  • isiqhumane;
  • maral root;
  • alpine poppy;
  • dandelion;
  • rosehip;
  • edelweiss.

Izilwane zasezintabeni

Kunezilwane eziningi endaweni yehlathi. Lapho isimo sezulu esibandayo singena, zicwila endaweni efudumele engezansi. Lezi izinyamazane, izingulube zasendle kanye nezinyamazane izinyamazane. Kodwa abameleli bezilwane ezinesembozo esifudumele nezinwele ezinde ngezinye izikhathi behla besuka phezulu befuna ukudla nokufudumala. Lezi zihlanganisa izimbuzi zasezintabeni, izimvu, i-argali, i-tundra partridge, i-horned lark, i-snowcock kanye nonogwaja wasezintabeni.

Izilwane zasezintabeni zizijwayeze kahle kakhulu izimo ezinzima. Zikubekezelela ngokuphelele ukubanda futhi zihamba ngobuchule phezu kwamadwala nemithambeka eyimiqansa. Lezi akuzona kuphela izilwane ezifuywayo, kodwa nezingwe zeqhwa, izimpungushe, izimpisi, onogwaja, izingwejeje zasemhlabeni nezimbila.

izilwane ezihlala ezintabeni

Iningi lezinyoni liza lapha ehlobo, futhi izilwane ezinkulu kuphela ezidla ezinye ezihlala lapha unaphakade: ama-golden eagles nama-eagles. Izilwane ezihuquzelayo zasentabeni nazo zithanda ukugcakamela ilanga: izibankwa, izinyoka, amasalamusi namanyonga.

Imvelo yezintaba iyamangalisa futhi ihlukahlukene kangangokuthi idinga ukunakwa umuntu.

Isihloko esidumile