Mudflow e-Sochi, Georgia, Taba nase-Larsa

Mudflow e-Sochi, Georgia, Taba nase-Larsa
Mudflow e-Sochi, Georgia, Taba nase-Larsa
Anonim

Ukuba nentshisekelo ezenzakalweni zezwe kanye nomhlaba, sibheka izifunzo zezindaba, sivamise ukubona izithombe, amavidiyo ezinhlekelele zemvelo ezibangelwa ukugeleza kodaka. Ziyanda izinhlekelele emhlabeni: kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukufudumala kwembulunga kuyimbangela, noma mhlawumbe umsebenzi womuntu, noma iplanethi yethu ngokwayo idlula ezikhathini ezithile "eziyinhlekelele" zomlando wayo ngesinye isizathu, kodwa imiphumela yezinhlekelele ihlala ifana.. Abantu abethukile, ababaleki, amakhaya nempahla elahlekile, imfuyo efile, izindawo zemvelo ezikhubazekile okwakuyizolo kuphela ezazibonakala njengenganekwane, futhi namuhla zifana nezithombe zamafilimu anesihloko se-apocalypse. Ngakho-ke kwenzeka kanjani ukugeleza kodaka, yini engenziwa ukuze kugwenywe ukufa nokucekelwa phansi noma ukunciphisa imiphumela yezinto ezidlangile?

ukugeleza kodaka eGeorgia

Kuyini ukugeleza kodaka ngokwemvelo?

Igama linezimpande zesi-Arabhu. Kusho "umfudlana onesiphepho". Inqwaba yodaka olugcwele udaka, olugijima nomkhuluijubane, ukuhlwanyela ukufa, kushanele konke okusendleleni yabo - izakhiwo, izindawo zemvelo, kanye nazo zonke izakhamuzi zakhona, kusukela ezilwaneni kuya kubantu. Ukugeleza kodaka kuqukethe ama-inclusions amaningi aqinile: amatshe amakhulu namancane, izinhlayiya zamadwala, okuyinto, ngendlela, ingaba ngaphezu kwengxenye yesamba esiphelele. Izindawo zokuhlala eziningi ezisezintabeni sezinesikhathi eside zikhona, zinomlando omude, zigwema ngenjabulo izinhlekelele zemvelo, kodwa into engavamile, engavamile eyenzekayo emvelweni (imvula enesiphepho nesikhathi eside, ukufudumala okubukhali, okuhambisana nokuncibilika ngokushesha kweqhwa, izinguzunga zamaqhwa e-glaciers. izintaba) - futhi kunenkathazo. Ukuqubuka kwezakhi ngokuvamile akuhlali isikhathi eside, amahora ambalwa, kodwa lokhu kungaphezu kokwanele ukubangela umonakalo emvelweni nakubantu ongenakulungiseka iminyaka eminingana, njengoba, isibonelo, kwakungemva kokugeleza kodaka eGeorgia kwehla ngo. 2013. Khona-ke, ngenxa yale nhlekelele, izimoto zaphela amandla. Ukugeleza kodaka eTaba kuphinde kwadala umonakalo omkhulu (sizokhuluma ngakho kamuva nje).

ukugeleza kodaka ku taba

Izici

I-Mudflow inesivinini esikhulu kakhulu. Izixuku zodaka zivame ukuvela ngokungalindelekile, ezivimbela ukwamukelwa kwezinyathelo ezisheshayo zokuvikela abantu kanye nemvelo. Ukugeleza kodaka, okuhlanganisa namadwala aqinile, kugijima ngesivinini esingamamitha angu-2-4 kuya ku-4-6 ngomzuzwana. Njengomphumela wokwehla, indawo ezungezile ingathatha izinhlaka ezihluke ngokuphelele: amatshe agqekeza ngokoqobo imigudu emisha yemifula nemifudlana emahoreni ambalwa, ungqimba lwemfucumfucu nokungcola lumboza amathafa avundile asetshenziselweukutshala izitshalo nokuklaba imfuyo. Isigodi esiqhakazayo siyafa futhi asifaneleki ukuhlala nokusebenza. I-Mudflow ingehla ngezigaba ezimbalwa, igagasi ngalinye elisha likhulisa nakakhulu usayizi wenhlekelele.

ukugeleza kodaka e-sochi

Ziyini izimbangela zalesi simo semvelo?

  1. Imvula enesiphepho nesikhathi eside. Uma kukhona "izikhukhula" zendawo, zazibukeka kanjena, nodaka oluphuma ezintabeni, abantu nezakhiwo befa.
  2. Ukufudumala kungazelelwe, ngesizini noma ngaphandle kwesizini, okungabangela ukuba iqhwa nezinguzunga zeqhwa zincibilike. Amadolobhana angaphansi kweqhwa ahlala esengozini.
  3. Ezindaweni ezinomthambeka omkhulu, ingxenye ebalulekile yenhlabathi enemfucumfucu ingawela onqenqemeni lomfula futhi, ngaleyo ndlela, ivimbe umfula, iwaqondise ngendlela ehlukile, engalindelekile, ibangele i-avalanche.
ukugeleza kodaka in lars

Iziphi izici ezengeziwe ezingadala inhlekelele?

Izimpande zezihlahla ziqinisa izingqimba zenhlabathi kahle, ziwuvimbele ukuthi unganyakazi ngisho nalapho ubhekene nokugeleza kwemvula enamandla noma isimo sezulu, ngakho-ke ukugawulwa kwamasimu amahlathi ngokungacabangi kungenye yezinto eziyinhloko ezandisa usongo lwezenzakalo zemvelo. zalolu hlobo. Ukugeleza kodaka kuhlukaniswe ngamaqembu amathathu ngokwezimbangela zokwenzeka: ngenxa yokuguguleka komhlabathi, ukuqhuma kanye nokudilika kwenhlabathi.

Zitholakala kuphi izifo ezingase zibe yingozi?

Iyingozi, ngokuzayo, ingaba noma iyiphi ingxenye yomfula osezintabeni laphobuthelela inhlabathi enyakaziswa kalula ukugeleza kwamanzi, amadwala. Lokhu kungaba ukusikeka noma imigodi, kanye nokugxila kokugeleza kodaka okuhlakazekile.

Ukuhlukaniswa kwezifo

Imigodi - ukwakheka kwemithambeka, amatshe asikwayo, isoyi nezinye izindawo, mancane ngobude nokujula futhi azibeki ingozi kuze kuvele ukugeleza okungaholela ekuhambeni kwamadwala. I-incision iwukwakheka okusekelwe kumadiphozithi e-moraine ahlobene nezinguquko ezibukhali zokuphakama. Badala kakhulu ngemvelaphi. Ukusikeka okuncane kungase kuvele ngenxa yemisebenzi yakamuva yentaba-mlilo, kanye nangenxa yokuwa, ukudilika komhlaba. Ukusikeka kukhulu kune-ruts ngokujula nobude. Ukwakheka kokugeleza kodaka okuhlakazekile kungenzeka ezindaweni eziphakeme zezintaba, lapho kugxilwe khona izingcezu zamatshe amaningi, imikhiqizo yesimo sezulu. Izindawo ezinjalo, ezinkulu endaweni, zingase zibonakale njengomphumela wokuzamazama komhlaba kwakamuva, inqubo esebenzayo ye-tectonic. Ingaphezulu lalezi zikhungo ligcwele imisele, lapho imikhiqizo egeleza udaka inqwabelana kancane kancane, okuthi, ngaphansi kwezimo ezithile, ihlangane ibe isiteshi esisodwa futhi yehlise amandla azo ezintweni ezisendaweni eyehlelayo.

ukugeleza kwemfucumfucu

Ungawavimba kanjani ama-avalanche?

Njengoba esinye sezizathu eziyinhloko zokwehla kwamanzi nokugeleza kodaka ukulahlekelwa kwamahlathi, inkinga ingazanywa ukuze ixazululwe ngamasimu amahlathi. Izakhiwo ezinama-hydraulic (imisele, izindonga zobumba, umkhondo) eziphambukisa ukugeleza okungaba yingozi nakho kunganikeza okukhulu.umphumela omuhle. Ukufakwa kwamadamu endleleni yemifula nemifudlana eyingozi kuzobambezela ingxenye yenqwaba egijima isuka emthambekeni, okuzokwenza ukuthi kancane kancane kube buthakathaka amandla ako okucekela phansi. Noma yiziphi ezinye izakhiwo (imigodi, amachibi, amadamu) nazo zizonciphisa ingozi yenhlekelele yemvelo, kubalulekile ukuqinisa ugu nokuvimbela ukuguguleka kwawo okwengeziwe, ikakhulukazi uma izakhiwo zitholakala osebeni. Indawo yomgwaqo ivamise ukuhlupheka ngenxa yokugeleza kodaka, ukuze kuvikelwe kuhle ukuthi kwakhiwe amathreyi (amatshe noma ukhonkolo oqinisiwe) ngaphezu komgwaqo noma ngaphansi kwawo ezindaweni eziyingozi kakhulu.

Ama-avalanche adume kakhulu nemiphumela yawo aqoshwe isayensi yomlando

  1. Kusukela ngo-Agasti 17 kuya ku-Agasti 18, 1891, udaka olukhulu lwehla e-Tyrol, e-Austrian Alps: igagasi lafinyelela ubude obungamamitha angu-18, indawo enkulu yayimbozwe ungqimba oluwugqinsi lokugeleza kodaka.
  2. Los Angeles yashaywa ngoMashi 1, 1938, kwashona abantu abangaphezu kuka-200.
  3. Julayi 8, 1921, umfudlana washaya i-Alma-Ata (manje eyi-Alma-Ata), amagagasi ambalwa alethe ama-square metres ayizigidi ezingu-3.5 edolobheni. m hard material.
  4. Ngo-1970, kwenzeka inhlekelele ePeru, ngenxa yomsebenzi wokugeleza kodaka, kwafa abantu abangaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezingama-60, kwathi abayizinkulungwane ezingama-800 baba ababaleki, balahlekelwa yimpahla, basala bengenalo uphahla emakhanda abo.
kuyini ukugeleza kodaka emvelweni

Izinhlekelele zezinsuku zethu

  1. Ngomhla zingama-24 kuJanuwari, 2013, ukugeleza kodaka kwehle e-Sochi. Yamiswa ngenxa yomsebenzi owenziwe ngesikhathi nangemfanelo wokwakhiwa kwezinqaba ngabaphathi bedolobha.
  2. May 8, 2014, emngceleni we-Egypt ne-Israel, amahhotela ambalwa ambozwe yizikhukhula ngenxa yezimvula ezinamandla. Kwabe sekwehla udaka eTaba, imigwaqo yonakala. Imiphumela yaqedwa phakathi neviki.
  3. NgoMeyi 17, 2014, udaka lwehla e-Georgia, eduze nendawo yase-Gveleti. Umfudlana wavimba umfula iTerek. Ingxenye yomgwaqo iVladikavkaz-Lars yavalwa, futhi kwaba khona usongo olusheshayo lokukhukhula kwamadolobhana amaningana. Inkathazo isidlulile - amanzi "athole" umzila wesikhashana, futhi izinga lawo alizange lidlule amanani ayingozi. Lapho udaka lwehla e-Lars, izinyathelo ezidingekayo zathathwa ngesikhathi, abantu bendawo basuswa ngokushesha bayiswa endaweni ephephile.

Isihloko esidumile