Kuyini ukugoqa: incazelo, izimbangela, imiphumela

Kuyini ukugoqa: incazelo, izimbangela, imiphumela
Kuyini ukugoqa: incazelo, izimbangela, imiphumela
Anonim

Ngokuvamile ezindabeni kuba nemibiko yokuwa okwenzeke ezifundeni ezihlukahlukene zezwe noma emhlabeni jikelele. Kaningi sizwa ngeziqhwaga ezehlela ezindaweni ezinezintaba. Ayini ama-landslide nama-avalanche? Imuphi umonakalo ezingawenza futhi ingabe ikhona indlela yokuzivikela kulezi zenzakalo zemvelo?

kuyini ukuwa

Ukuphahlazeka

Ukuhlukana okungazelelwe kwamadwala kusisindo esikhulu kubizwa ngokuthi ukugoqa. Ingenzeka ezintabeni, ogwini oluphakeme lolwandle, osebeni lwemifula nasezigodini. Kungani inhlabathi elele ethambekeni iwe ngokuzumayo?

Isikhathi esiningi, ukuwa kwenzeka ngenxa yezizathu ezilandelayo:

- ngenxa yokugeza amanzi, ukukhuphuka komqansa kuyanda, - ngokugcwala kwamanzi ngokweqile noma isimo sezulu, amandla amadwala ayancipha, - ngaphansi kwethonya lokuzamazama komhlaba,- ngenxa yomsebenzi womuntu.

Akuwona nje umhlabathi othambile odilikayo. Kunezimo ezivamile lapho itshe elilodwa elinyakazayo ezintabeni, liwela phansi emthambekeni, lidonsa amakhulu abanye nalo, lokhu kubizwa ngokuthi ukuwa kwentaba. Ukudilika kwenhlabathi okukhulu kwenzeka ikakhulukazi ngenxa yokundindizela. Kwenzeka eduzeezindaweni zokuhlala, izigameko ezinjalo zingakhula zibe inhlekelele yangempela. Okubaluleke kakhulu kuzo kungashintsha ngisho nokuma kwendawo. Kuyini ukudilika komhlaba, ungabona ngokucacile ngokuvakashela iSarez Lake. Yilokho okwakhiwa ngenxa yokuwa okuqine kakhulu kwe-1911, lapho amatshe ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingu-2.2 zama-cubic metres. Inqwaba yawela emfuleni, yawuvala. Lakhiwa kanjena ichibi.

imiphumela yokuwa

Ukubukwa

Manje sekuyacaca ukuthi kuyini ukugoqa. Kodwa kuvela ukuthi bahlukile. Uma ama-cubes amatshe angaphansi kuka-5 ehilelekile ekuweni, lokhu kubhekwa njengokuwa okuncane kakhulu. Encane - kufika ku-50 cubic metres. Okuphakathi - kusuka kuma-cubic metres angama-50 kuya kuthani. Enkulu ifaka ngaphezu kwethani lamadwala.

Ngokwezibalo, ukugoqa okuningi kuncane. Zenzeka cishe ku-70% wengqikithi. Medium - endaweni yesibili: cishe 15%. Nokho, ezinkulu zenzeka kuyaqabukela - ngaphansi kuka-5% wengqikithi. Kuyaqabukela - ngokuvama okungu-0.05% - ukuwa okukhulu noma okuyinhlekelele kwenzeka. Inani elikhulu lezinhlobo ezithintekayo ezigamekweni ezinjalo - izigidi nezigidigidi zama-cubes.

iqhwa

Imiphumela

Amazwe amaningi emhlabeni ayazi ukuthi kuyini ukuwa. Futhi wonke umuntu uyazi ukuthi isikali ngezinye izikhathi sihlaba umxhwele kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, imiphumela yokuwa ingaba yinhlekelele. Izehlakalo ezinjena zingadala ukubhidlika konqenqema lukaloliwe, ukuvimba okukhulu, ukucekelwa phansi kwezindlu namahlathi. Kunezimo ezivamile lapho ukuwa okukhulu kwabaokubangela izikhukhula ezimbi kakhulu nokulahlekelwa ukuphila. Ukuwa kwalolu hlobo kuvame ukwenzeka ngenxa yokuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla - kusuka kumaphoyinti angu-7.

Misa

Kunezindlela zokubhekana nokuwa, kodwa azikwazi ukuvikela yonke indawo, futhi ngeke kusebenze nanoma yikuphi ukuwa. Ngokwesibonelo, ngasogwini loLwandle Olumnyama kunojantshi wesitimela osuka eTuapse uya eSukhumi. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, i-canvas isongelwa amagagasi olwandle aqinile, lapho kwanqunywa khona ukuvikela umgwaqo ngezakhiwo zikakhonkolo eziqinisiwe. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, imiqansa. Umgwaqo uvikelwe ekubhidlikeni kwenhlabathi yizindonga zamatshe ezivimba amatshe awayo. Imigwaqo yasentabeni ivikelwe ngendlela efanayo. Ngeshwa, lezi zindlela zehlisa kuphela imiphumela yokuwa ezimeni zokuwa okuncane.

Lapho amatshe eqa kakhulu, kunendlela eyodwa kuphela yokusindisa abantu nezakhiwo enhlekeleleni - ukucekela phansi amadwala ngokwakho, ngaphandle kokulinda inhlekelele. Ukuqinisa imithambeka kwenziwa kancane kakhulu, khona-ke izungezwe ama-hoops ensimbi, imifantu ebonakala igcwele usimende, njll. Uma kunengozi yokuwa eduze nezindawo zokuhlala, izakhamuzi kufanele zikhishwe, futhi idolobhana kufanele lihanjiswe. kwenye indawo.

Ama-avalanche

Akuwona nje amatshe angabhidlika. Ezintabeni ezimbozwe iqhwa, ukukhithika kweqhwa kuvame ukuvela - izixuku zeqhwa eziwa emithambekeni yezintaba zivame ukuba nomthelela onamandla olimazayo. Kungani kwenzeka ama-avalanche? Iqiniso liwukuthi iqhwa ilele emithambekeni endaweni ungqimba heterogeneous. Izendlalelo zayo ezihlukene zinokuqina okuhlukene okuhlanganisayo. Futhi lapho ukunamathela phakathi kwezingqimba kubuthakathaka, isendlalelo esiphezuluivele icime.

iqhwa liyawa

Ama-avalanche ahlukanisa phakathi kwendawo, lapho ungqimba olulodwa noma ngaphezulu lusuka, futhi lujule ngokugcwele, lususa ukumboza wonke umthambeka wentaba, luveze umhlaba. Futhi, i-avalanche ingaba manzi noma yomile, kuye ngokuthi amanzi angakanani. Ukuwa kweqhwa kungaqala ukusuka endaweni eyodwa, kodwa futhi kungagqashuka kungqimba lonke, kushiye ngemuva komugqa wokuhlukanisa. Cishe noma yikuphi ukukhithika kweqhwa kubhekwa njengeqhwa, elikwazi ukuwisa umuntu ngokunyakaza kwalo.

Ukuze kuhlolwe ukuthi kungenzeka yini i-avalanche, izici eziningi ziyacatshangelwa. Okubaluleke kakhulu isimo sezulu. Kodwa-ke, ukuvela kwesembozo seqhwa akubalulekile kangako, kodwa kuncike ngokuqondile esimweni sezulu. Futhi njengoba umshushuluzi noma umqwali ekwazi ukuhlaziya zombili lezi zinkomba, akufanele akhohlwe nganoma iyiphi yazo.

Imiphumela yama-avalanche

Okwamanje, izinguzunga zeqhwa ziyingozi kakhulu kubasubathi nabavakashi abaya ezintabeni. Imvamisa, abagibeli beqhwa ezintabeni, abaqwali nabashushuluza bawela kuzo. Ama-avalanche aqinile ayakwazi ukumboza izindawo zokuhlala, ashanele yonke into ephilayo nengaphili endleleni yawo. Ngezinye izikhathi imigwaqo yasezintabeni iphazamisa izakhi. Khona-ke ukunyakaza kuzo kuyama kuze kube yilapho lonke ububanzi be-avalanche buyasuswa endleleni.

Ukuvimbela

Ezindaweni zokuzijabulisa zasebusika zendabuko, sekuyisikhathi eside kuwumkhuba ojwayelekile ukubangela ukuwa. I-avalanche kuleli cala izoba mncane, ukwehla kwayo ngeke kudale umonakalo.

idwala

Ngakho, kuwumkhuba ukwenza ukubhidlika kweqhwa ngenkani kusetshenziswa izikhali, amadaka nezinye izindlela. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izakhiwo zifakwe endleleni yokunyakaza okungenzeka kwe-avalanche engamisa ukuqhubeka kweqhwa noma inciphise ukunyakaza kwayo. Ukuze uthole imiphumela engcono kakhulu, kuyadingeka ukusebenzisa uhla oluphelele lwezinyathelo ezaziwa njengamanje. Kuphela ngokusebenzisa izindlela ezisebenzayo, zokungenzi lutho nezobunjiniyela lapho abantu bengasindiswa ekuweni endaweni yeqhwa.

I-avalanche iyingozi hhayi nje kuphela ngesikhathi sokwehla. Ngesikhathi sokunyakaza, iqhwa liyakwazi ukushisa kuze kufike emazingeni okushisa amahle. Futhi ngesikhathi sokuma, yakha uqweqwe olunzima kakhulu, okungekho lula ukuphuka ngisho kumuntu ovamile - ngezitho eziqinile kanye nesimo sengqondo esizolile. Cishe akunakwenzeka ngomuntu owele ogibeni, wathola ukulimala okuhlukahlukene, futhi owesabayo ukwenza lokhu.

Isihloko esidumile