Gary McKinnon: biography nesithombe somgebengu wase-British

Gary McKinnon: biography nesithombe somgebengu wase-British
Gary McKinnon: biography nesithombe somgebengu wase-British
Anonim

NgoMashi 2002, umhlaba wonke wathola ukuthi inethiwekhi yamasosha ase-US ihlaselwe kaningi ngama-hacker. Wonke amaphephandaba nomabonakude babike ukuthi isigebengu esinguSolo sigebenge amakhulukhulu amakhompyutha ezempi. Akekho owazi igama "lengcweti engaziwa" ekhubaze amakhompyutha omnyango ongangeneki novikelekile. Baqala ukukhuluma ngoGary McKinnon ngenkathi i-US imangalela lo mfana udilikajele.

uGary Mckinnon

Kuqale kanjani konke?

UGary ubekwe icala lokugebenga ngamabomu amakhulukhulu amakhompyutha ezempi phakathi nezinyanga eziyi-13, kusukela ngoFebhuwari 2001 kuya kuNdasa 2002, esebenzisa igama elithi Solo.

McKinnon akavumanga ukuthi wenze isistimu yehluleka. Wathi angakwazi ukuvala ikhompuyutha eyodwa ngezenzo zakhe. Kodwa kuze kube yilapho kwethulwa ubufakazi obusemthethweni, ngeke avumelane nalokhu kusolwa.

Iziphathimandla zase-US zishoukuthi uGary McKinnon ungumduni obukela phansi amakhono akhe. Isikhulu esiphezulu samasosha ePentagon sithe bathole umonakalo omkhulu ngenxa yesenzo saso. Washo ngokuzethemba ukuthi lesi akusona isigameko esingenangozi, kodwa ukuhlasela okuhleliwe kwamasistimu ekhompyutha ase-US. Izenzo zakhe zifana nobuphekula.

Ubesolwa ngani?

Izimangalo zamasosha ase-US zibangele umonakalo ongu-$800,000 (£550,000) futhi zashiya amakhompyutha angu-300 engasetshenziswa ngemva nje kokuhlasela kwangomhla ka-9/11.

Ubesolwa ngokusebenzisa ikhono lakhe lekhompyutha ukuze afinyelele amaseva angu-53 Ebutho Lezempi Lase-US, okuhlanganisa nalawo asetshenziselwa ukuvikela nokuvikeleka kwezwe. Kanye namakhompyutha we-US Navy angu-26, okuhlanganisa i-NWS Earle, enesibopho sokuhlinzeka kabusha ngezikhali nempahla yemikhumbi ye-Atlantic. "Ukugebenga amakhompyutha e-NASA angu-16 kanye nekhompyutha eyodwa yoMnyango Wezokuvikela wase-US," waphinde wabekwa icala ngalawa macala. U-Gary McKinnon usolwa ngokweba amagama ayimfihlo angu-950 futhi wasusa amafayela e-NWS Earle eNew Jersey.

UMark Summers, okhulumela uhulumeni wase-US, utshele inkantolo yaseLondon ukuthi ukugebenga kweMcKinnon "kwakwenziwa ngamabomu futhi kuhloselwe ukuba nomthelela nokuba nomthelela kuhulumeni wase-US ngokwesabisa nangokuphoqa."

Owokuqala u-Gary McKinnon, isigebengu saseBrithani, waboshwa ngoMashi 19, 2002 futhi waphenywa ngemibuzo. Ngo-August wawo lowo nyaka, wezwa iKomiti YaseBrithani Yezokuphepha. Ngo-November, inkantolo yesifunda saseVirginia yabeka amacala angu-7, ngalinye linesigwebo seminyaka eyishumi. ATisiyonke, ubhekane neminyaka engu-70 ejele.

gary mckinnon hacker

Kwenzekeni ngempela?

Phakathi kuka-1999 no-2002, uMcKinnon wagqekeza kumasistimu ekhompyutha avikeleke kakhulu emhlabeni esuka efulethini lakhe lase-London. Esebenzisa ulimi lwekhompyutha i-Perl kanye ne-PC eshibhile, u-Gary useshe isizindalwazi saseMelika samakhompyutha ayengavikelekile ngephasiwedi. “Ngikwazi ukuskena izimoto ezingu-65,000 ngaphansi kwemizuzu eyisishiyagalolunye,” usho kanje.

U-Gary uthole amasistimu angavikelekile asetshenziswa i-US Army, Navy, Pentagon kanye ne-NASA. UMcKinnon, ozichaza “njengesazi sekhompyutha esixakile”, usebenzise ubuchwepheshe bakhe bekhompiyutha ukugebenga. "Ngenxa yokuthi i-US ayilidaluli ulwazi olugcwele mayelana nezifiki," kusho u-Gary McKinnon.

Isithombe sika-Gary Mckinnon

I-Biography kanye nomndeni kaMcKinnon

Abazali bakaGary bazana kusukela ebuntwaneni. Bahlala edolobheni elikhulu kunawo wonke eScotland - Glasgow. Lapho eneminyaka eyishumi nanhlanu, uJanice, umama wengcweti yekhompiyutha, waqaphela ukuthi wayethandane noCharlie McKinnon ngokungenathemba. Wayengumuntu okhathalelayo futhi onomusa kunabo bonke ake ambona. Umlandeli omkhulu ka-Elvis, wacula kamnandi yena. UCharlie wayedlala ezindaweni zokucima ukoma. U-Janice ubesebenza esitolo.

Uthenge indlu yakhe yokuqala lapho eneminyaka eyishumi nanhlanu ubudala. Banquma ukushada ngemva nje kokugubha iminyaka eyishumi nesithupha kaJanice. EScotland, umshado osemncane awuvunyelwe. Umfundisi wesonto, lapho abaphendukela khona ukuze benze ubuhlobo babo bube semthethweni, washayela ucingo abazali bakaJanice ukuze athole ukuthi bayazi yini ukuthi indodakazi yabo iyashada. Basho njalo abazaliuyazi kahle insizwa yakhe. UCharlie ungumfana omangalisayo futhi abamelene nomshado. Ngakho abasha bashada.

Unyaka kamuva, ngo-1966, u-Gary wazalwa. Ngaleso sikhathi uJanice wayeneminyaka engu-17 ubudala. Lapho ethola ukuthi ukhulelwe, umbono wakhe wezwe njengentombazane encane kakhulu washintsha ngokushesha. Wayezifuna ngempela izingane. Kodwa lapho ngihamba epaki ngibona omama abasebasha behamba lapho nezingane ezintathu noma ezine, nganquma ngokuqinile ukuthi uzoba nengane eyodwa.

UGary wayeneminyaka emihlanu ubudala lapho abazali bakhe behlukanisa. UCharlie wayengubaba omangalisayo, kusho uJane. Mhlawumbe isizathu sokuhlukana komndeni ukuthi imishado eminingi isencane izophelela kulokhu. Lapho uGary eneminyaka eyisithupha, uJanice wahlangana noWilson. Ngo-1972 umndeni wathuthela eLondon. Bobabili bangabaculi, futhi bekunamathuba amaningi omsebenzi lapha. U-Janice noWilson bashada ngo-1974.

Kodwa u-Gary wayemkhumbule kakhulu uyise. Ekugcineni uCharlie wafika eLondon ezosebenza. UGary wayejabule. UCharlie wahlangana nomkakhe wesibili eLondon. Unamadodana amathathu nendodakazi eyodwa. Kodwa uGary ubelokhu eyingxenye ebalulekile yokuphila kwakhe. Unobudlelwano obuhle noyise, abafowabo nodadewabo.

uGary Mckinnon biography

Ubuntwana bukaGary

Gary McKinnon wazalwa eyingane enamandla, enempilo. Kodwa wayengafuni ukudla. UJanice wayekhathazeke kakhulu ngalokhu. Khona-ke konke kwaba ngcono. Ezinyangeni ezingu-10, umntwana wavuka yedwa embhedeni, wabheka abazali bakhe futhi wathi ngokucacile: "Baba, mama." Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi kuqhubeke, ngokushesha waqala ukufunda ukukhuluma.

U-Gary uphothule esikoleni samabanga aphansi e-London. Wafunda ngokungabaza, ngoba yenabekuyisicefe. Wafunda ukufunda kusenesikhathi, eneminyaka emi-3. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wafunda eDunard Street School eGlasgow. Waba nomuzwa wokuthi wayengangeni esikoleni esisha futhi wayekhetha ukuba nabantu abadala. Wayethanda ukuchitha isikhathi ekhaya. Mhlawumbe wayeyinkimbinkimbi ngenxa yenkulumo yakhe yaseScotland. Kodwa uJanice waphawula ukuthi indodana yakhe yayinezinkinga zokukhulumisana. Ngakho benza konke okusemandleni ukuthi ingane ingahoxi.

U-Gary ubewuthanda umculo, kodwa engenawo umdlandla wokudlala noma yiziphi izinsimbi zomculo. Lapho eneminyaka eyisikhombisa ubudala, uJane noWilson, usingayise, baqopha ingoma. UGary wayekwelinye igumbi “ephikisana” nopiyano. Kungazelelwe kuzwakale umculo we-classic omangalisayo. Abazali babheka ekamelweni babona uGary edlala upiyano ngomdlandla. Bajabula, bathola uthisha womculo futhi bathengela indodana yabo upiyano olumhlophe.

UGary McKinnon ucula kamnandi, ubeseqenjini le-Kids & Co, okwadingeka alishiye ngenxa yokungakwazi kwakhe ukuzivumelanisa nezimo nokulandela imiyalelo yabeluleki.

NgoKhisimusi, abazali baka-Gary bathenge ikhompuyutha yokuqala ka-Gary. Wamane wathatheka nguye, wahlala emva kwakhe usuku lonke. Wabe eseneminyaka engu-14. Nakuba intsha eningi isebenzisa ikhompuyutha ukuze idlale imidlalo, idale imidwebo nezinhlelo.

Kwabe sekuthi, ngemva kokubuka ifilimu ye-War Games yango-1983, lapho "umdubuli" egebenga inethiwekhi yekhompyutha ye-Pentagon, u-Gary McKinnon waqala ukubheka ubufakazi bezinye izinto azithandayo, ama-UFO. Nakuba uGary ngokwakhe ethi incwadi ka-Hugo Cornwell ethi The Hacker's Handbook imgqugquzele kulokhu kusesha.

uGary Mckinnoniminyaka yobudala

Yavela kanjani i-UFO craze?

Wilson (umyeni wesibili ka-Janice) wayehlala e-Bonnybridge, okungenye yezindawo eziyishumi eziphezulu lapho ama-UFO avame ukubonwa khona. Futhi u-Gary wabonisa intshisekelo enkulu kuyo.

Ngasekupheleni kwawo-1990s, u-Gary McKinnon wajoyina iProjekthi Yokuveza Ulwazi, umphakathi waku-inthanethi wochwepheshe be-UFO. Baqoqa ubufakazi obungaphezu kuka-200, obunye babo babuvela kubantu ababesebenza ebuthweni lezempi laseMelika. Bonke baqinisekisa ukuthi ama-alien akhona.

“Kwakungekhona nje mayelana namadoda amancane aluhlaza namasoso endizayo,” kusho uMcKinnon. “Ngikholwa ukuthi kunemikhumbi-mkhathi umphakathi ongayazi.”

Ukusesha kukaMcKinnon kwezinto ze-UFO kumakhompuyutha ase-US sekuphenduke into ethathekisayo.

Iholele kuphi?

Kungabonakala sengathi isizathu esilula njengokuseshwa kwe-UFO, kuholele emiphumeleni engalindelekile. Iminyaka eyishumi, u-Gary McKinnon usephenduke indawo yokugxila engadingeki kubudlelwane bezobuzwe base-Anglo-American.

Paul J. McNulty, ngaleso sikhathi owayenguMmeli wase-U.S. eVirginia, umemezele ukuthi u-Harry ubebekwe icala enkantolo yenhlangano e-Alexandria, eVirginia. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, uxwayise ngokuthi i-United States ihlose ukufuna ukubuyiselwa kwakhe.

Eminyakeni emibili kamuva, uhulumeni wase-US wafaka isicelo sokubuyiselwa kukaGary, kwathi ngo-June 7, 2005, waboshwa. Ukudluliselwa e-United States kwabonakala kungenakugwenywa. Futhi uGary wamemezela ukuthi uzozibulala ukuze abhekane nokusolwa ngokungafanele.

Futhi impi enkulu kamama wendodana yakhe okuwukuphela kwayo yaqala. UJanice Sharp uchithe iminyaka eyishumi eyalandelaimpi engapheli yokugcina uGary angakhishwa. Ijaji lase-US linamandla amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Kodwa akakwazanga ukumelana nokuzabalaza kukamama ngendodana yakhe.

Ngo-Okthoba 2012, u-Janice ekugcineni wawina. Kwakuwukunqoba okumangalisayo. Indaba ka-Gary McKinnon nayo iyindaba eyiqiniso yomzabalazo kamama ofuna ukusindisa indodana yakhe empilweni evalelwe.

gary mckinnon british hacker

Impi Yezomthetho

Ukulandelana okuhlongozwayo kwemicimbi:

  • 2002 March: U-Gary McKinnon (osesithombeni ngenhla) uboshwe amaphoyisa ase-British.
  • 2002, October: U-Gary ubekwe icala ezifundazweni zase-US eVirginia naseNew Jersey ngamacala ayisikhombisa obugebengu bekhompyutha.
  • 2005: Iziphathimandla zase-US ziqala inqubo yokubuyisela.
  • 2006 May: Izimantshi zikhipha isinqumo sokuthi uMnu McKinnon akhishwe.
  • 2006 July: Unobhala Wezasekhaya u-John Reid usayina i-oda lokubuyisela uMnu. McKinnon e-US.
  • 2007 Ephreli: Inkantolo Ephakeme e-London iyasichitha icala likaMnu McKinnon lokuphindisela ngaphandle.
  • 2008 July: UMcKinnon angase abuyiselwe e-US ngesinqumo se-Lord Justices.
  • 2008, Agasti: INkantolo YaseYurophu Yamalungelo Abantu ithe ngeke ikuvimbele ukukhishwa kwesigebengu.
  • 2008 Agasti: UMcKinnon uhlonzwe ukuthi une-Asperger's syndrome.
  • 2008 Okthoba: Unobhala Wezasekhaya u-Jacques Smith ugunyaza ukubuyiselwa.
  • 2009 February: I-Crown Prosecution Service yenqaba ukuvulela uMnu McKinnon amacala e-UK njengenye indlela.Izindleko zase-US.
  • 2009 Okthoba: Unobhala Wezasekhaya u-Alan Johnson uthe uzobheka ubufakazi obusha bezokwelapha.
  • 2010 May: Umfelandawonye uqokwa kabusha futhi unobhala omusha wezaseKhaya u-Theresa May uthembisa ukuphinde alubheke udaba lwakhe.
  • 2011 May: U-Barack Obama, ohambeni lombuso e-UK, uthe "uzohlonipha" inqubo yezomthetho yase-UK.
  • 2012 July: U-Gary wenqaba ukuhlolwa okusha kwezokwelapha.
  • 2012 Okthoba: Unobhala Wezasekhaya u-Theresa May uthi uMcKinnon ngeke akhishwe.
  • 2012 Disemba: Abashushisi baseCrown bamemezele ukuthi uMcKinnon ngeke abekwe icala nganoma yimaphi amacala.
izinsolo zikagary mckinnon

McKinnon namuhla

U-Gary ubeboshelwe endlini isikhathi eside ngenkathi kuqhubeka ukuqulwa kwamacala. Ngaphezu kokuthi kwakufanele ayobika nsuku zonke emaphoyiseni futhi alale ekhaya, wayenqatshelwe ukusebenzisa ikhompyutha ene-inthanethi.

Eqinisweni, u-Gary McKinnon, osevele aziwa abaningi, ushiywe engenamsebenzi. Iminyaka kanye nemfundo "ye-nerd hacker" nakho kube nomthelela kulokhu ngezinga elithile. Ngalesosikhathi wayeseleminyaka engaba ngamatshumi amane. Wangena enyuvesi, kodwa akazange aphumelele. Ngemva kokuphuma kwesikole wasebenza njengomlungisi wezinwele. Ngeseluleko sabangane, ngathatha izifundo zokuhlela. Usebenze njengomphathi wesistimu, wenza umsebenzi wenkontileka ohlobene nobuchwepheshe bekhompyutha kanye nezinhlelo. Ngakho-ke, isikhathi eside angikwazanga ukuthola umsebenzi, ngoba yonke indawo udinga i-inthanethi.

Manje u-Gary usethembisene umshadoUkwenza ngcono kwe-SEO yewebhusayithi. Unekhasi lakhe, lapho anikeza khona izinhlelo, ukudala nokwesekwa kwezinsiza ze-inthanethi, ukubhala amakhodi nokwenza kahle kwenjini yokusesha.

Umama kaGary, u-Janice Sharp, ubhale incwadi ethi Saving Gary McKinnon: A Mother's Story, lapho ekhuluma ngaye, umndeni wakhe, noGary. Kuwo ubonga wonke umuntu okade enabo sonke lesi sikhathi. Uchaza ngokuningiliziwe lokho okwadingeka babhekane nakho futhi bakukhuthazelele kusukela ngawo kanye umzuzu lapho ngo-March 19, 2002, kwakhala ucingo endlini yakhe, futhi indodana yakhe imtshela ukuthi iboshiwe. Wayesethi, “Sizolwa.”

Isihloko esidumile