Kuyini i-ethno-nationalism: incazelo, izibonelo ezivela emlandweni

Kuyini i-ethno-nationalism: incazelo, izibonelo ezivela emlandweni
Kuyini i-ethno-nationalism: incazelo, izibonelo ezivela emlandweni
Anonim

Emashumini amabili eminyaka adlule, inkinga yokukhula kobuzwe "okungenampilo" ibe yimbi kakhulu. Umsuka wale nkinga wukungazi kwabantu ukuthi buyini ubuzwe. Incazelo yalo mqondo, okwamanje, kulula ukuyithola ezinhlobonhlobo zezinsiza zolwazi. Nokho, ngokuvamile aliqondwa kahle, ngakho-ke igama kufanele licatshangelwe okufanele.

Umbono wobuzwe

Iyini i-ethnonationalism

Ubuzwe umbono osuselwe kumqondo wesizwe nobunye besizwe. Imibono eyisisekelo yalo mhlahlandlela yimibono mayelana nesizwe njengento ebaluleke kakhulu ekubunjweni kombuso kanye nobunye bomphakathi obuphakeme kakhulu. Ubuzwe, engqikithini yabo, busondelene nokushisekela izwe futhi abusho ukungabi nodlame kwezinye izizwe, kodwa uthando nokwethembeka esizweni somuntu. Ngakho-ke, imibono yobuzwe ayikhuthazi nakancane ukucwaswa kwabokufika, futhi ngaphezu kwalokho udlame olubhekiswe kwanoma ngubani, futhi inxusa abantu ukuba bathande abantu babo futhi bangakhohlwa ubumbano, baphile futhi basebenzele ukuzuzisa intuthuko nokuchuma kwesizwe.. Izibonelo zobuzwe zingatholakala kokubili eRussia nakwamanye amazwe. Nakuba amaqembu obuzwe engavamile ukubaebusayo.

Ethnic nationalism noma ethno-nationalism

Izibonelo zobuzwe

Kokubili kwabezindaba kanye nempilo yansuku zonke, igama elithi "ubuzwe" livamise ukusho ubuzwe, ubuNazi kanye nokucwaswa kwabokufika. Umuntu ongawazi umehluko phakathi kwale miqondo futhi ongenaso isiqiniseko sokuthi iyini i-ethno-nationalism, cishe, uzohlanganisa yonke imiqondo ibe yinto eyodwa. Kodwa-ke, kunomehluko omkhulu phakathi kobuzwe obuphakathi nobuphakathi - ubuzwe bugxile ekuphakameni kwesizwe esisodwa kunezinye. Abasekeli balo mkhuba ngokwengxenye bayaphikisana nabashisekeli bobuzwe abalinganiselayo, bephikisana ngokuthi zonke izizwe zinalokho okubizwa ngokuthi isizinda sohlanga, "igazi" elivamile. Ukufana nezinye izizwe, kanye nokuxuba igazi nabameleli bezinye izinhlanga nezizwe, kuthathwa njengokungamukelekile futhi kulahlwa kakhulu.

Izibonelo zobuzwe nobuzwe obumaphakathi

Incazelo yobuzwe

Ukwenza kube lula ukuqonda umehluko phakathi kobuhlanga nomphakathi, okungukuthi, ubuzwe obumaphakathi, singacabangela izibonelo zobuzwe esikalini sabantu ngabanye kanye nesimo esingabonakali. Ngakho-ke, umuntu okhetha umsebenzi kadokotela futhi ephikisana nalokhu ngesifiso sokusiza abameleli besizwe sakhe ukuba baphile kahle uzobhekwa njengobuzwe. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, uzokujabulela ukusiza abameleli bezinye izizwe, ngoba esikhathini esizayo, mhlawumbe, abameleli besinye isizwe esiphulukiswe nguye bazokhuluma ngokufudumele ngaye njengodokotela kanye nommeleli wabantu abathile. Lesi simo siyisibonelo esicacile sobuzwe obumaphakathi.

Uma udokotela ngokuyisisekelo esiza kuphela "owakhe", ephatha ngokunganaki "abantu angabazi", ephikisana ngokuthi akafuni ukuxhumana nabantu bohlanga oluhlukile, angathathwa njengomuntu othanda ubuzwe kanye nokucwasa kwabokufika. Yebo, imiqondo efana nezizwe nobuzwe akufanele iqhamuke emkhakheni wezokwelapha, kodwa empilweni yangempela, izimo zokucwasa ngokobuzwe phakathi kwabamele lokhu kokubili kanye nobunye ubungcweti azivamile neze.

Ethno-nationalism kulo lonke izwe

Izizwe nobuzwe

Ngeshwa, ukucwasana ngokobuzwe akuthuthuki phakathi kwabantu noma amaqembu abo kuphela. Kunezimo lapho zonke izifundazwe ziphokophele ku-radical ethno-nationalism. Isibonelo sikahulumeni wamanje wase-Ukraine, okhuthaza imizwa eqinile yezakhamuzi. Yini i-ethnonationalism njengombono oyinhloko kazwelonke? Lona umbono olimaza izwe kanye nabantu, futhi akukho lutho olufana ngawo nesimo sengqondo sobuzwe esimaphakathi. Ukucwaswa kwabokufika kwesakhiwo esibusayo kuphazamisa abantu kuzo zonke izigaba zempilo - kusukela kwezamabhizinisi nokuhweba kuya ezindabeni zomuntu siqu. Abantu okwathi, ngentando yesiphetho, baba izakhamuzi zezwe elibuswa ama-ethno-nationalists, empeleni, baphoqeleka ukuba babe khona kuphela phakathi kwesizwe sakubo, ukunciphisa ukuxhumana nabanye abantu okungenani. Ukuxuba igazi nemishado yezizwe ezahlukene kungabhidliza ukuphila kwabantu abanjalo, kubaphuce ithuba lokuphila nokusebenza ngendlela evamile ezweni labo. Isibonelo esigqama kakhulu sokuwa kwesifunda sobuzwe emlandweni ukuwohloka kweJalimane ngemva kokunqotshwa kweMpi Yezwe II.Uhulumeni, osusukile emicabangweni yokushisekela ubuzwe obumaphakathi waya ezinhlakeni, ulahlekelwe izwe unomphela.

Izizwe ezincane nemizwa yazo yobuzwe

Cishe kunoma yiliphi izwe kukhona idlanzana lesizwe, ngenxa yesizathu esithile noma esinye, elingakwazi ukuzihlukanisa. Noma kunjalo, abantu abanjalo nabo banemiphakathi yabo yobuzwe. Isisekelo sokuba khona kwalezo zizwe siwubuzwe ngokunembile. Isibonelo ngabantu abancane bakwaZaza abahlala empumalanga yeTurkey. AmaZaza awasoze azibiza ngamaTurks, nakuba engase angalwazi ulimi lwawo lwendabuko futhi anamagama nezibongo zesiTurkey. Noma kunjalo, amaZaza ayaziqhenya ngobuzwe bawo futhi ayakugcizelela ngawo wonke amathuba. Ukushisekela ubuzwe kwabantu abancane, nokho, akuvamisile ukuthi kuphenduke ubuzwe uma kuqhathaniswa neningi lesizwe, njengoba imizwa enjalo, iyazilimaza bona ngokwabo.

Fight against ethno-nationalism

Ukunqoba i-ethno-nationalism

Ukuze kuphumelele noma isiphi isimo nokugcina ubudlelwano obuhle namanye amazwe, ukunqoba ubuzwe kuwumsebenzi obalulekile futhi onesibopho. Inkulumo-ze yokunyakaza okunjalo inqatshelwe umthetho emazweni amaningi. Naphezu kwalokhu, akunakwenzeka ukuqeda ngokuphelele ubuzwe bobuhlanga - ukucwaswa kwabantu okungokwemvelo endaweni eyodwa noma enye kukhona kuwo wonke umuntu. Izwi lokucabanga kuphela elingakwazi ukuthulisa imicabango enjalo, ngakho imfundo kule ndaba idlala indima ebalulekile. Yingakho uhulumeni okhathalela impilo yengqondo nokuziphathaingxenye yempilo yezakhamizi, izokwenza konke okusemandleni ukuqinisekisa ukuthi wonke umhlali wezwe uthola imfundo ehloniphekile, ehlanganisa izisekelo zamasiko nobudlelwano bamazwe ngamazwe.

Ethnonationalism in Russia

Indaba ye-ethno-nationalism e-Russia inzima kakhulu. Iyini i-ethno-nationalism kumhlali waseRussia? Lokhu ukuhlukaniswa kwezakhamizi zezwe zibe amaRussia ngobuzwe kanye "no-non-Russian". Lokhu ukubekezelela izivakashi ezivela kuma-republic angomakhelwane njenge-Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan kanye ne-Azerbaijan. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukubonakaliswa kwe "Russian" ethno-nationalism akutholakali kuphela endaweni yeRussian Federation, kodwa nakwamanye amazwe, isibonelo, ezindaweni zokungcebeleka zaseTurkey, Tunisia naseGibhithe. Ngeshwa, akukakakwazi ukuyiqeda ngokuphelele le nkinga, noma kunjalo, kokubili izakhamuzi zaseRussian Federation kanye nabameleli bamanye amazwe bavame ukuphatha ukubonakaliswa okunjalo ngamahlaya, okuyinto, yiqiniso, kunciphisa izinga lokungezwani futhi kucime izingxabano zezwe.

Ethnonationalism and children

Ubuzwe bezizwe ezincane

Yini i-ethno-nationalism ezinganeni? Empeleni, ukukhuliswa emndenini oqinile kuyawulimaza umqondo wengane. Izingane okuthi, ngenxa yobudala bazo, ezingakakwazi ukusungula ubudlelwano obuyimbangela, "zizuze ifa" kubazali bazo ukwesaba okungenangqondo nokunengeka kwabamele ezinye izinhlanga nabantu, okungukuthi, ubuzwe bobuhlanga. Incazelo yobuzwe njengomkhuba onempilo nolinganiselayo esikhathini esizayo mancane amathuba okuba icace enganeni ekhuliswe ngombono wokuphakama kwesizwe esisodwa ngaphezu kwesinye. Lezi zingane zizoba nesikhathi esinzima.jwayela esikoleni, yenza abangani abasha futhi uziphathe emphakathini.

Imfundo ye-Ethno-nationalistic, ngeshwa, ayivamile emazweni nakubantu abaningi. Kuhle sikhumbule ukuthi ukucwaswa kwabokufika kanye nobuzwe akuhlangene nobuzwe obunempilo futhi kuholela ekufeni komphakathi nomuntu ngamunye, hhayi ekukhuleni, ekuthuthukisweni nasekuchumeni.

Isihloko esidumile