Lillian Gish: impilo nomsebenzi

Lillian Gish: impilo nomsebenzi
Lillian Gish: impilo nomsebenzi
Anonim

U-Lillian Gish ungomunye wabalingisi abagqame kakhulu bekhulunyaka lama-20, okhonze ngokuzinikela emnyuziyamu wakhe iminyaka engu-75. Impilo enhle, eguquguqukayo, esebenza kanzima, enothando ngobuqotho kanye nomsebenzi wakhe - lokho kumayelana naye. Ngemvelo yakhe enothando, engakhathali, uLillian Gish uzinqumele isiphetho esikhanyayo, sangempela.

Umndeni

ULillian wazalwa emuva ngo-1893. Amantombazane amabili akhulela emndenini: endala - uLillian kanye nothunjana - uDorothy. Umama, uMary Gish, akazange ayithole injabulo yomkhaya. Ubaba othengisa igilosa, wayevame ukungabonakali ekhaya, futhi ngokushesha washiya umkakhe namadodakazi akhe ngokuphelele. UMariya kwadingeka azondle yena namantombazane eyedwa. Nokho, izingane zasiza ngangokunokwenzeka: kusukela ebuntwaneni zazama ngokwabo emkhakheni wokulingisa. Ku-Lillian Gish, u-Dorothy ubeyingxenye yesibili, emthanda ngokweqiniso, odade babevame ukusebenza ngababili.

U-Lillian Gish nodadewabo

Impilo yakhe yonke, unina nodadewabo bazohlala bengumndeni wakhe - umlingisi akazange ashade, akazange abe nezingane.

Ubuntu

ULillian Gish ubufazi obuhlanganiswe ngendlela emangalisayo, ubuthaka, umusa onomlingisi oqinile, onenhliziyo eqinile owamvumela ukuthi asebenze ngokungakhathali futhi azuzesetha imigomo.

Umlingisi wefilimu othule uLillian Gish

Umsebenzi wakhe odidayo awuzange ube ngaphandle komzamo: ngisho nasebusheni bakhe bokuqala, ukuze azuze impumelelo, waqeqesha ngokujulile imisipha yobuso, wasebenza epulasitiki yomzimba. Imizwa akulula ukuyiveza kumafilimu angasho lutho njengoba kwenzeka emafilimini anomsindo. Lokhu kudinga umoya ophilayo, ubuntu obukhanyayo, uthando. Inhlanganisela yemizamo emangalisayo kanye nokuthakasela okungokwemvelo kwaletha uLillian udumo lwangempela ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-20. Isimo sakhe sobuntu esinothando sabonakala ngokuzinikela kwakhe okumangalisayo kubantu ayebathanda, okuhlanganisa udadewabo kanye nomqondisi wemisebenzi u-David Griffith, kanye nomkakhe imbala.

Umsebenzi

Ithalente lika-Lillian lobuciko lazenza wazizwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi - umdlalo wakhe wokuqala wafika eneminyaka emihlanu. Bese kuba nomsebenzi endaweni yemidlalo yeshashalazi. Futhi, ekugcineni, umhlangano owanquma isiphetho sakhe - uLillian, kanye noDorothy, batuswa kuDavid Griffith, umqondisi wokuqala, umguquli wefilimu othule. Ukufaneleka kwakhe kwaba ukuthi washintsha ukunaka kombukeli ezenzakalweni ezenzeka esikrinini waya kumlingisi, isithombe sakhe, umdlalo, isimo sobuso. U-Lillian, ne-charisma yakhe ekhanyayo, wamfanela kahle uGriffith. Isiqalo sokusebenzisana kwabo kwaba ifilimu ethi "Isitha Esingabonakali", eyaqoshwa ngo-1912.

ULillian ube isihlabani se-movie esithulile. Phakathi nomsebenzi wakhe wokulingisa owaphula irekhodi, umlingisi wadlala kumafilimu amaningi. Esikhathini sokuqala somsebenzi wakhe, iningi lazo liyi-melodramas eyadutshulwa nguDavid Griffith (ngo-1921 "Izintandane zesiphepho", ngo-1919."Intolerance" nethi "Broken Shoots" nezinye), kweningi walingisa nodadewabo uDorothy. Uhlobo lwe-melodrama belulufanele kangcono imvelo ka-Lillian enothando.

Ifilimu ethi "Broken Shoots", ngo-1919

Ukusebenzelana okusebenzayo okusebenzayo noGriffith kwaqhubeka kwaze kwaba ngu-1920, kodwa ubungane nale ndoda emangalisayo nomndeni wayo abuzange buphele kwaze kwaba sekufeni kuka-David. Washona ngo-1948.

Imvelo ka-Gish esebenzayo yayinganele ukuthi alingise kumafilimu, ukuba ngumpetha kulo mkhakha kuphela, wayefuna okwengeziwe. Ngesikhathi sempilo yakhe ende, uLillian wasebenza njengomqondisi, njengombhali wesikrini wazibonakalisa emsakazweni nakumabonakude.

Ngokweseluleko sikaGriffith, ngo-1920 wenza ifilimu yakhe - "Modeling her own husband", ngeshwa, engakasinda kuze kube namuhla. Futhi, ngokombhalo kaLillian, amafilimu ashuthwa: "Into Ebaluleke Kakhulu Empilweni", "Silver Shine".

U-Lillian wayeyithanda ithiyetha ngoba umsebenzi wakhe wokulingisa waqala lapho. Ngemva kwekhefu elide alichitha emsebenzini wakhe wefilimu, waphinde wabuyela enkundleni yemidlalo yaseshashalazini - ngo-1928, wadlala izindima eziningi, ezigqama kakhulu emdlalweni we-Crime and Punishment, i-Lute Song, ne-Threepenny Opera. U-Lillian Gish akaphindanga wahlukana nethiyetha - usebenze lapho ngempumelelo kwaze kwaba sekupheleni kwezinsuku zakhe.

Yebo, ibhayisikobho yahlala iyintandokazi ka-Lillian - ngemva kokuhlanganyela no-David Griffith, walingisa kumafilimu angaphezu kwamashumi amahlanu abanye abaqondisi. U-Gish akazange avumelane ngokugcwele nomqondo womsindo kui-cinema, ibhekwa njengento engafaneleki, iphazamisa umbono wesithombe esibukweni. Amafilimu kaLillian Gish awanasici njengakuqala, kodwa inkazimulo yangaphambili ayisekho. Lokhu akuzange kumvimbe ekutholeni i-Oscar komunye wemisebenzi yakhe - udlale ifilimu ethi "Duel in the Sun".

Ukuguga nokufa

David Griffith ushone ngo-1948, kamuva washona udadewabo othandekayo u-Dorothy, ngo-1968. U-Lillian waphila ngaphezu kwawo wonke umuntu ayemthanda kakhulu, kodwa ngesikhathi esifanayo akazange alahlekelwe amandla akhe, uthando lokuphila, isifiso sokudingeka. U-Lillian wabhala incwadi ekhuluma ngempilo yakhe ethi, i-Cinema, Griffith and Me, isihloko sayo sisodwa esikubeka kucace ukuthi yiziphi izinto ezibalulekile azibeke eqhulwini njengoba ebheka emuva endleleni yakhe. U-Lillian Gish usekhulile kahle, futhi bambalwa abantu abanalokho. Umsebenzi wakhe wokugcina wefilimu kwaba indima yefilimu ethi "Whales of August", umlingisi ngesikhathi sokuqoshwa kwakhe wayeneminyaka engu-93 ubudala.

Futhi ekugugeni, ubuhle. 1983

Lo wesifazane owayedumile washona ngo-1993, ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ngaphambi kweminyaka yakhe eyikhulu. Yonke i-biography ka-Lillian Gish ixhumene eduze nokuthuthukiswa kwe-cinema, ngamafilimu akhe wamshiya egqamile, umaka ongasoze walibaleka ezinhliziyweni zababukeli bakhe.

Isihloko esidumile