Truffaut Francois: Biography, lokusungula, izingcaphuno, Filmography

Truffaut Francois: Biography, lokusungula, izingcaphuno, Filmography
Truffaut Francois: Biography, lokusungula, izingcaphuno, Filmography
Anonim

Omunye wabasunguli besimo esinjalo kusinema yomhlaba njengokuthi "i-French New Wave" nguTruffaut Francois. Umlando wokuphila komuntu, indlela yokusungula nempilo yomuntu siqu yalo mlingisi okhaliphile, umqondisi wefilimu onethalente, umdidiyeli wesikrini kanye nomdidiyeli kuzoxoxwa ngakho kulesi sihloko.

François Truffaut maduze nje uzoba neminyaka engamashumi ayisishiyagalombili nane ubudala. Futhi nakuba umqondisi engazange abe nathi iminyaka engaphezu kwamashumi amathathu, kungani lokhu kungesona isizathu sokukhumbula indlela yakhe yokudala ehlakaniphile? UTruffaut uyisibonelo somuntu "owazidala." Wayengenabo abazali abacebile nabaxhasi abanamandla. Kodwa wafeza iphupho lakhe ebuntwaneni - waqala ukwenza amafilimu. Futhi bangaphezu kwamashumi amathathu abo kwirekhodi lengoma kaTruffaut. Umsebenzi wakhe wokulingisa owaziwa kakhulu kwakuyindima kaClaude Lacombe efilimini ethi "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (Steven Spielberg, 1977). Futhi udumo lukaTruffaut lomqondisi walethwa ifilimu yango-1973 ethi "American Night", eyazuza indondo ye-Oscar ekuqokweni kwesihloko esithi "Best Foreign Film".

Truffaut Francois

Ubuntwana

François Truffaut wabona ukukhanya kwemini eParis ngoFebhuwari 6, 1932. Ube kadeingane yangaphandle, futhi unina, uJeanine de Montferrand, wayengafuni ukumdalula igama likayise omzalayo. Yena ngokwakhe wasebenza njengonobhala ephephandabeni "Illustration". Ngokushesha ngemva kokuzalwa kwengane, wayinikela ekunakekelweni kuqala umhlengikazi, kwase kulandela kunina, uGenevieve de Montferrand. Ekupheleni kuka-1933, unobhala nokho washada. U-Roland Truffaut, umdwebi wenkampani yezokwakha, waba okhethiweyo wakhe. Entwasahlobo ka-1934, lo mbhangqwana waba nomfana owashona ngemva kwezinyanga ezimbili. U-Roland Truffaut wathatha uFrancois omncane futhi wamnika isibongo sakhe. Nokho, efulethini elimpofu lomdwebi lalingekho nje indawo yengane. Waphoqeleka ukuba alale emhubheni, ngakho-ke wakhetha ukuhlala nogogo wakhe, owayehlala endaweni yesishiyagalolunye yaseParis. KwakunguGenevieve de Montferrand owagxilisa kumzukulu wakhe uthando lwesinema, umculo nezincwadi.

Truffaut francois lokusungula

Ubufana

Ugogo ushone lapho uTruffaut François eneminyaka eyishumi ubudala. Ngemva kwalokho, waphoqeleka ukuba ahlale efulethini lomdwebi. Lapho uFrancois ethola idayari yakhe, futhi ngale ndlela kuphela lapho ethola khona ukuthi uRoland wayengeyena uyise. Lokhu akuzange kumnike ukuphumula umfana. Kakade umuntu omdala, ngo-1968, uFrancois waphendukela ejensi yangasese yabaseshi ngesicelo sokuthola uyise wangempela. Uphenyo lwabaseshi lwabonisa ukuthi wayenguRoland Levy othile, umJuda odabuka ePortugal, owazalelwa eBayonne futhi wasebenza eminyakeni engamashumi amathathu njengodokotela wamazinyo eParis. Ubaba ozalayo wabhekana nokuningi ngesikhathi sokubusa kwamaNazi eFrance, wabe eseshada ngo-1949 futhi unezingane ezimbili.

Njengomuntu osemusha, u-Francois uzame ukuvakasha kancane ngangokunokwenzekaekhaya futhi wachitha isikhathi esiningi ngaphandle nabangane. Ngisho nalapho eneminyaka eyisishiyagalombili, ngemva kokubuka ifilimu ka-Abel Hans "Paradise Lost", wanquma ngokuqinile ukuxhumanisa isiphetho sakhe ne-cinema. Wayevamise ukweqa amakilasi futhi wayeka isikole eneminyaka eyishumi nane.

Truffaut Francois: ubuciko

Le nsizwa yayingenayo imali noma uxhumano. Ukuze ngandlela thize ajoyine umhlaba wesinema, ubhala izindatshana zeCahiers du Cinema. Lo magazini wasungulwa umhlaziyi odumile u-André Bazin. Ikanye noTruffaut, enye insizwa, uJean-Luc Godard, nayo ibhala izihloko ku-Cinematographic Notebooks. Bobabili ababhali abanesiphiwo kamuva baba abaqondisi abaziwayo. Lapho uTruffaut eneminyaka engamashumi amabili nantathu ubudala, wenza ifilimu yakhe yokuqala emfushane ethi, The Visit (1954). Lokhu kwalandelwa amakhasethi "Tomboys" kanye "Umlando Wamanzi". Eyokugcina iqoshwe ngokubambisana no-J-L. Godard noFrancois Truffaut. Ifilimu yomsebenzi onzima womqondisi iqala ngamagalelo angamakhulu amane (1959). Lesi sici sokuqala asilethanga i-Truffaut kuphela i-Golden Bough ku-Cannes Film Festival, kodwa futhi nodumo lomhlaba wonke. Futhi, njengoba le filimu imayelana ne-autobiographical, kufanele siyinakisise.

Ifilimu kaFrançois Truffaut

Antoine Doinel - alter ego yomqondisi

Igama elithi "Amagalelo Amakhulu amane" isisho. NgesiRashiya, ihambisana "namapayipi amanzi, umlilo kanye nethusi." Umfana oneminyaka eyishumi nane, odlalwa umlingisi osemusha uJean-Pierre Leo, wadlula ezilingweni ezinkulu. Othisha babheka u-Antoine Doinel njengomuntu ongekho emthethweni futhi oyisiqhwaga, futhi abazali bakhe abamnaki. Ngakhoosemusha onzima uyadlubulunda ngokuphindiselela. U-Antoine Doinel ubalekela isikole, unyenya emabhayisikobho futhi ujabulela amafilimu. Ufakwe esikoleni sokuhlunyeleliswa kwezimilo esivaliwe, kodwa nalapho usakwazi ukuphunyuka. Ngemva kwalesi filimu Truffaut Francois waxabana ngokuphelele nabazali bakhe, ngoba hhayi kuphela bona (kodwa omakhelwane) kalula waqaphela umqondisi, owasala ngemuva izigcawu umlingisi oyinhloko. Kodwa ifilimu yaletha umklomelo eCannes, udumo emhlabeni wonke kanye nehhovisi elikhulu lamabhokisi. Ngakho-ke, uJean-Pierre Léo, owayesekhulile, wadlala indima ka-Antoine Doinel ofanayo kwamanye amafilimu e-Truffaut: u-Antoine no-Colette, u-Stolen Kisses, i-Family Hearth kanye ne-Runaway Love (1962-1979).

UFrançois Truffaut

French New Wave

Naphezu kwempumelelo emangazayo yefilimu ye-autobiographical ethi "Four Hundred Blows", kanye nokuhlolwa ohlotsheni lomdlalo othokozisayo othi "Shoot the Pianist" (uCharles Aznavour ngokwakhe owadlala indima yesihloko), baqala ukukhuluma ngakho. isiqondiso esisha e-cinema kuphela ngemva kokukhululwa kwefilimu yesithathu egcwele - "Jules and Jim" (1961). Unxantathu wothando udlalwe ngokugqamile abalingisi uHenri Serre, u-Oscar Werner noJeanne Moreau. Isithombe sakhunjulwa izethameli ngengoma yaso enhle kakhulu, futhi i-Time yayifaka ESIPHEZULU "Ama-movie ayikhulu angenasikhathi". Khona-ke abagxeki bamafilimu baqala ukukhuluma ngeNew French Wave. UFrançois Truffaut ngokwakhe uzame ukuveza izici zalo mkhuba. Izingcaphuno zezitatimende zakhe zikhomba ukuthi ifilimu kufanele ihlale igcina umbukeli ebambe ongezansi. I-Replicas, umsindo - konke lokhu kuwukuphelezelwa kwedrama edlalwa ebusweni babalingisi. Eqinisweni, umqondisi wabhekaamakhosi e-cinema ethule. Isithixo sikaTruffaut kwakunguHitchcock. Lo mqondisi akazange avumele ukuvinjelwa emsebenzini wakhe. Futhi ngenxa yalokho, izethameli zikhangwa yilokho okwenzekayo esibukweni kuze kube yilapho kukhanya izibani kusinema.

Truffaut francois biography

Umsebenzi wokubambela

UTruffaut François wenze umdlalo wakhe wokuqala ku-The Wild Child (1969), lapho adlala khona indawo kaDkt. Jean Itard. Le ndima ayizange ilethe impumelelo ephawulekayo, kodwa elandelayo - "ku-American Night" - yadonsela ukunaka komphakathi kuye. Abagxeki bancome ukudlala kukaTruffaut efilimini kaSpielberg ethi Close Encounters of the Third Kind, lapho ayedlala khona indawo kaClaude Lacombe. Futhi ekugcineni, indima eyodwa futhi yokugcina - Julien Daven efilimu "Green Room" (1978). Ngendlela, umqondisi wayethanda ukuvela kumafilimu akhe, ekhanyisa phakathi kwezinto ezengeziwe noma njengomuntu ofunda iphephandaba ethafeni le-cafe, noma njengomuntu odlulayo. UTruffaut wavuma engxoxweni ukuthi isinyathelo esinjalo kamuva saphenduka ubandlululo. Kamuva, umqondisi, ofela inhlanhla ngefilimu yakhe, wazama ukungena ohlakeni lwemizuzu emihlanu yokuqala yokuqopha.

Truffaut francois impilo yomuntu siqu

Impumelelo nokwehluleka

Ungacabangi ukuthi indlela yokudala ka-François Truffaut ibigcwele ama-roses. Kwakunameva nalo mgwaqo. Ngakho-ke, ifilimu ethi "Isikhumba Esithambile" (1964), lapho udadewabo kaCatherine Deneuve edlala khona, wayehluleka ngokungagwegwesi. Kodwa isithombe esilandelayo - inguqulo yesikrini yendaba kaBradbury "451 ° Fahrenheit" - ivuselele umqondisi emehlweni omphakathi. I-"American Night" idonse abaqokiwe abane be-Oscar ngasikhathi sinye. Truffaut, okwathi, ngokwesiko lakhe, kwaba futhiumqondisi nomlingisi (Ferrand), wathola statuette eyodwa - for "Ifilimu Best Foreign". "I-Metro Yokugcina" iwine "i-Cesars" eyishumi ngesikhathi esisodwa - umklomelo ohlonishwayo waseFrance ku-cinema. Kodwa kufanele unikeze ikhredithi ku-stellar cast. Inkanyezi yefilimu uGerard Depardieu noCatherine Deneuve. Umakhelwane ifilimu elandulela elandulela elokugcina likaTruffaut. Le filimu idlala uDepardieu noFanny Ardant. Le filimu iphinde yazuza uthando lomphakathi kanye nokunconywa ngabagxeki bamafilimu.

UTruffaut Francois noCatherine Deneuve

Truffaut Francois: impilo yomuntu siqu

Njengomfana, umqondisi wakusasa wayenothando kakhulu. Futhi wahlala enjalo ukuphila kwakhe konke. Uthando lwakhe lokuqala kwakunguLillian, amhlohla amanothi othando esikhindini sakhe. Kakade eneminyaka eyishumi nane wayenobudlelwane (nakuba akuphumelelanga) nonobhala wakhe uGenevieve Santen. Lapho usingayise ebeka uFrancois esikhungweni sokuhlunyeleliswa kwezimilo sentsha, waba umngane noMademoiselle Rickers, owayesebenza lapho njengodokotela wezengqondo. Khona-ke kwakukhona ubuhlobo noLillian Litvin, uTruffaut ahlangana naye ngesisekelo sothando lwakhe lwe-cinema. Khona-ke uhlu lukaDon Juan lwengezwe yi-Italian Laura Murray. E-Venice Film Festival, umqondisi osemusha wahlangana nendodakazi yomdidiyeli, uMadeleine Morgenstern. Futhi washada naye ngo-1957. UMadeleine wamnika amadodakazi amabili, kodwa ngo-1965 lo mbhangqwana wahlukanisa. Ulimi olubi lwaluthi umshado noMadeleine wawusekelwe ekubalweni kuphela - phela umkhwe waxhasa uTruffaut ngemali ukuze aqhubeke nomsebenzi wakhe we-cinema. Kodwa, cishe, uMadeleine wayekhathele amanoveli amaningi kaFrancois, futhi naye wayesekhathele ukuba necala phambi komkakhe.

Ukufa komqondisi

Kwenzeke lokhocishe bonke abalingisi ababedlala kumafilimu kaTruffaut nakanjani baba ngamakhosikazi akhe. Lokhu kwenzeka noMarie-France Pisier, owadlala indima kaColette ku-"Love at Twenty", noBernadette Laffon ovela ku-tape "Tomboys". Uhlu lomqondisi lwezinhliziyo zabesifazane eziphukile lude njengefilimu yakhe. UTruffaut Francois noCatherine Deneuve bahlangana esethi yeThe Last Metro. Uthando lwaba nesivunguvungu kangangokuthi umlingisi wavuma ukuthola ingane kwisithandwa sakhe. Kodwa lokhu kwakungadalelwe ukuthi kwenzeke. Kodwa umlingisi uFanny Ardant, ngemuva kokuqopha umakhelwane, wanika umqondisi indodakazi. Kodwa lapho uFrançois egula ephethwe umdlavuza wobuchopho, umkakhe owaliwe kuphela, uMadeleine Morgenstern, owamnakekela. UTruffaut washona ngo-Okthoba 21, 1984 eNeuilly-on-Seine, indawo engaphansi kweParis. Bonke abesifazane ayebathanda beza emathuneni aseMontmartre.

Isihloko esidumile