Efendi: isho ukuthini le nkulumo?

Efendi: isho ukuthini le nkulumo?
Efendi: isho ukuthini le nkulumo?
Anonim

Abaningi bethu bezwe igama elithi "efendi". Ukuthi le nkulumo isho ukuthini, asazi neze. Khonamanjalo, leli gama livela kwamanye amazwe, emakhulwini ambalwa eminyaka adlule lalisho ukuba sesikhundleni esiphezulu sezempi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, leli kwakuyigama elinikezwe abantu abamele isigaba senhlalo ephezulu.

Laliyini leli zinga futhi liyini izwe lomsuka walo? Ake sizame ukuqonda lolu daba.

Ukutolikwa kwesisho

Izazi zefilosofi ziyaphikisana ngokuthi yiluphi ulimi olungumdali waleli gama. Kukhona izinguqulo ukuthi leli gama Persian lasendulo. Kunemibono yokuthi leli yigama lesi-Arabhu lasendulo. Kunombono wokuthi le nkulumo ibhekisela olimini lwe-proto-Turkish. Kunoma yikuphi, kusobala: leli gama livela eMpumalanga futhi lisho "inkosi noma inkosi."

isho ukuthini i-effendi

Ibizwa ngokuthini i-Efendi, sisho ukuthini lesi sihloko?

Ngakho ngekhulu le-15 emazweni aseMpumalanga babiza abaholi bezempi abacebile, abaholi bomoya, ababusi, amalungu omndeni kaSultan njalo njalo. Kwakuwuhlobo oluthile lokubonisa inhlonipho kumuntu ophakeme. Ngokuvamile leli gama ngokwalo lalibekwa ngokushesha ngemva kwegama,isibonelo, u-Akhmat-effendi.

Incazelo yenkulumo embusweni wase-Ottoman

Embusweni Wase-Ottoman, le nkulumo kancane kancane yaqala ukuthola izici zezwe lonke. Ubani owayebizwa nge-efendi eTurkey, lisho ukuthini leli gama kusukela ekhulwini le-17?

Ngakho, eTurkey, izikhulu, kanye nawo wonke umuntu owayefundile, angabizwa ngesihloko esinjalo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwakungenzeka ukukhuluma nabesilisa nabesifazane ngale ndlela (noma kunjalo, kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuthi abesifazane abanesikhundla esiphakeme emphakathini bangabizwa ngale nkulumo).

Kusho ukuthini i-effendi ngesiTurkey

Ukwazi ukufunda nokubhala ngokwako kwakubonwa njengobuhle obukhulu umuntu anabo, yingakho ayekwazi ukuzibiza nge-effendi, okusho ukuthi "umuntu ofundile." Ungafunda ngalokhu emibhalweni yesandla yesi-Turkish yasendulo.

Ukufundwa kwesimanje kwaleli gama

Eminyakeni eyikhulu edlule, impilo yaseTurkey ishintshe kakhulu. Mayelana nalokhu, emuva ngo-1934, izinga lezempi elithi "effendi" laqedwa, kodwa le nkulumo ayikalahlekelwa incazelo yayo.

Uma sizibuza ukuthi i-"efendi" isho ukuthini ngesi-Turkish namuhla, singafunda ukuthi manje isiwuhlobo lwenkulumo enesizotha kubantu esingabazi. Sikhuluma ngohlobo lwe-analogue yezinhlobo zekheli ezifanayo ezihloniphekile eziye zavela kwezinye izilimi, isibonelo, ngesiNgisi - mnumzane, ngesi-Polish - pan and pani, ngesi-Italian - señor, señora, njalonjalo.

Kukhona isisho esinjalo ngolimi lwabantu baseNyakatho yeCaucasus. Nokho, lapha i-effendi iyikheli eliya kumfundisi wamaMuslim.

Isihloko esidumile